Basic types of wine

types of wine

Wines can be grouped into five primary categories: white wines, red wines, rosé wines, sparkling wines and fortified wines.

White wines

These are the wines that contain no red pigmentation. It can be made from white or black grapes. (In black grapes skin contains the color not the juice. So if skin is removed and only colorless juice is used the resulting wine is white).

White wines can be sweet or dry, or somewhere in between. Flavor ranges from rich creamy to light.

Popular white wines are Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, chennin Blanc and Pinot Gris

Red wines

These wines are made from black grapes and have red tinge.

Red wines ranges from bone dry to sweet.

Popular red wines include Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir and Zinfandel, Merlot and Shiraz.

Rose wines

Rosé wines are also referred as pink or blush wines. These wines are produced from red grapes but by minimal contact of skin with juice. also formed by blending red and white wine together.

Rose wines are more versatile because they fall in between red and white wine.

It is less intense than big tannic mouth busting red but with more depth than super light white.

Many rosés are sweet However, the best and most traditional European rosés are bone dry.

Sparkling wine

A style of wine making that allows secondary fermentation which causes bubbles of carbon di oxide.

It can be red, white or rose. It ranges from minimally to rich and sweet.

It is often seen as the wine of celebration.

It adds luxury to the normal event.

Sparkling wines are produced in every country that makes wine but Champagne is a sparkling wine from the Champagne region of France.

Fortified wine

Fortified wine is a wine that has been blended with liquor. The liquor most often used for this is grape Brandy which is just a distilled wine.

This gives a distinct flavor and higher alcohol percent than normal wine.

Typically it is a dessert wine and the example is port but many dry-style fortified wines exist such as dry Sherry.

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